(Un)Intended Consequences of Regulatory Enforcement in M&A

A growing literature highlights the important effect of economic and political policies on mergers and acquisitions (M&A). M&A often involves major issues of corporate investment and resource allocation, and so inefficient interference in the M&A market can have significant and long-lasting economic impact. In a new paper, we investigate whether antitrust enforcement by the Department of Justice (DOJ) or the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) has the substantive and lasting effect of deterring U.S. mergers and acquisitions.

The DOJ and the FTC follow strict procedures for regulatory interventions, as described in the Horizontal Merger Guidelines[1], updated in 2010. These … Read more