Boardroom Gender-Diversity Reforms and Institutional Monitoring

The past decade has seen an explosion of boardroom gender diversity reforms worldwide. As of 2014, 23 countries have amended governance codes and 14 countries have enacted laws to increase gender diversity on corporate boards. While investors play a critical role in engaging with company boards and are increasingly focused on social equity, the evidence is scant on how these reforms affect investors’ monitoring role. This gap also contrasts with regulators’ reliance on investors to help ensure firms’ faithful implementation of the reforms. In our paper, we assess the change in the association between institutional ownership and female directorships following … Read more