Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) Chairman Jay Clayton recently discussed the uncertainties surrounding token offerings and other forms of distributed ledger-based financing. Mr. Clayton cautioned that the lack of information regarding online platforms that list and trade virtual coins or tokens may lead to price manipulation and other fraudulent trading practices on these platforms. The Chairman stated, “The [SEC] recently warned that instruments such as ‘tokens’ offered and sold in ICOs may be securities, and those who offer and sell securities in the United States must comply with the federal securities laws.” The Chairman’s statements regarding token sales reiterate … Read more
This is the fourth in a series examining the increased regulatory scrutiny on new and innovative financial technologies (“FinTech”).
This update considers the initiatives of two federal regulatory agencies—the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (the “OCC”) and the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (the “CFPB” or “Bureau”)—and their approaches to balancing regulation with FinTech innovation. In examining these two models, we first discuss the OCC’s recent issuance of a framework regarding responsible innovation and the establishment of an office to implement the framework. Then, we discuss the CFPB’s Project Catalyst, and its recent report on its efforts … Read more
In this update, we review a number of recent regulatory developments that may impact firms engaged in the industry of new and innovative financial technology (“FinTech”). First, we discuss the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation’s (“FDIC”) new guidance on examining third-party lenders, including the risks and potential takeaways for parties to marketplace lending (“MPL”) arrangements. Second, we examine the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency’s (“OCC”) recent proposed rule outlining a receivership framework for non-FDIC insured national banks, focusing particular attention on the implications for FinTech firms. We conclude with takeaways for MPL and FinTech firms to consider as they … Read more
On September 13, 2016, the New York Department of Financial Services (“DFS” or the “Department”) issued proposed regulations (the “Proposed Regulations”) designed to guard against the onslaught of cyber-attacks faced by banks, insurance companies and other financial services providers. Billed by Governor Andrew Cuomo as a means to assure that regulated banks and insurance companies “protect consumers and ensure that [their] systems are sufficiently constructed to prevent cyber-attacks to the fullest extent possible,” the Proposed Regulations provide a baseline with respect to companies’ cybersecurity practices regardless of the size, nature or complexity of the business. Though they mirror … Read more