How Institutional Ownership and Board Diversity Affect Innovation

In a new paper, we investigate the relationships between institutional ownership, board diversity, and corporate innovation in U.S.-listed firms. Institutional investors play a crucial role in a firm’s operation and exert considerable influence on the efficient monitoring of innovative investment. Theory predicts that institutional ownership has a positive effect on innovation investment. However, after separating the institutional investors into eight types and two categories – active (investment company, independent investment adviser, public pension fund) and passive (bank trust, insurance company, private pension fund, university and foundation endowments, miscellaneous) — we find that active institutional investors drove this positive relationship. A … Read more