How Corporate Managers Think about Forward-Looking Guidance

Headlines during earnings season often focus on the forward-looking guidance corporate managers provide. Yet, questions remain about managers’ perceptions of the guidance process and the tradeoffs they face in deciding whether and what to guide. To gain greater insight, we surveyed 357 managers at publicly listed corporations and conducted nine in-depth interviews.

Our survey sheds light on the critical role guidance plays during earnings season. Because analysts and investors dislike surprises, our respondents said guidance provides an effective channel to manage expectations. Around earnings announcements, corporate managers commonly meet privately with analysts and investors after conference calls. Our respondents said … Read more

The Causes and Consequences of Increased Cross-border Shareholder Activism

In a recent working paper, we look at what drives shareholder activism around the world and focus specifically on the role of corporate governance reforms.

Overview

While shareholder activism has been a force in U.S. capital markets for some time, the last decade has seen an explosion in activism globally, including in countries where activists have previously had little influence.  Our research explores what explains this growth and focuses specifically on the role of changes in regulations and laws that facilitate activism. We develop a country-level framework of regulatory characteristics that serve as necessary precursors for minority shareholders to influence … Read more