The following post is based on an article by Professor Steven Schwarcz of Duke Law School entitled Intrinsic Imbalance: The Impact of Income Disparity on Financial Regulation, which documents and examines the consequences of the extraordinary two-to-one income disparity … Read more
On February 18th, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (Federal Reserve) voted unanimously to approve a final rule (Final Rule) implementing the enhanced prudential standards contained in Section 165 of the Dodd-Frank Act. This Client Alert discusses … Read more
The following post comes to us from Charles Korsmo, Assistant Professor of Law, Case Western University School of Law and is based on his recent article, “Venture Capital and Preferred Stock,” 78 Brook. L. Rev. 1163 (2013). The full paper … Read more
It has been more than two years since the United States Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) began operating its whistleblower program, but substantial questions linger over its effectiveness and its transparency. Under the program, whistleblowers are entitled to recover up … Read more
The following post comes to us from Peter R. Reilly, Associate Professor of Law, Texas A&M School of Law and is based on his paper, “Ralph Lauren, Transnational Bribery, and Voluntary Disclosure Under the Foreign Corrupt Practices Act: When is … Read more
The following post comes to us from Marcelo M. Prates, an Attorney at the Central Bank of Brazil. The full article, which is now published as the Central Bank of Brazil Working Paper no. 335 and has been recently noted … Read more
The following comes to us from Annelise Riles, Jack G. Clarke Professor of Far East Legal Studies and Professor of Anthropology, Cornell Law School.
American International Group (AIG), the very name of this company screams out its US origins. And … Read more
The Office of the Comptroller of the Currency (OCC) has issued for public comment proposed guidelines (Guidelines) to establish minimum standards for risk management governance at large insured national banks, insured federal savings associations, and insured branches of non-U.S. banks
The following post comes to us from Charles K. Whitehead, Professor of Law at Cornell Law School, and is based on his recent paper, “Paying for Risk: Bankers, Compensation, and Competition,” which is co-authored by Simone M. Sepe, Associate Professor … Read more
The Commodity Futures Trading Commission (“CFTC”) Division of Market Oversight (the “Division”) announced yesterday that Javelin SEF, LLC’s (“Javelin”) self-certification of available-to-trade determinations (“MAT Determinations”) for certain benchmark interest rate swap contracts is deemed certified. Under CFTC regulations, the swaps … Read more
In a landmark decision now on appeal, In re MFW Shareholders Litigation, the Delaware Chancery Court ruled that a freezeout merger negotiated by an independent special negotiating committee (SNC) and conditioned in advance on approval by a majority-of-the-minority (MOM) vote … Read more
Since the financial crisis, federal regulators have been searching for ways to rein in excessive risktaking in the financial sector. Many scholars and regulators have argued that executive retirement benefits can serve this risk-curbing function. Because top managers might not … Read more
Following a robust 2012, the financing markets in 2013 continued their hot streak. Syndicated loan issuances topped $2.1 trillion, a new record in the United States. However, as in 2012, financing transactions in the early part of 2013 were devoted … Read more
The Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act (the “JOBS Act” or “the Act”) was signed into law in the spring of 2012, amidst the ongoing fallout from the 2008 financial crisis as well as a hotly-contested presidential election. Having received uncharacteristic … Read more
Now that the final rule implementing Section 619 of the Dodd-Frank Act, commonly known as the “Volcker Rule,” has been implemented, banking entities engaged in swaps activities must plan how they will navigate the two different and overlapping regulatory regimes
New York State Attorney General and BlackRock Settle Investigation into BlackRock’s Analyst Survey Program, Signaling Potential Expansion of Martin Act Liability Under “Insider Trading 2.0” Theory
On January 8, 2014, the New York State Attorney General and BlackRock, Inc.
On July 10, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission (“SEC”) adopted rules to eliminate the prohibition against general solicitation and general advertising in certain securities offerings under Rule 506 of Regulation D (“Reg D”) under the
On January 16, 2014, Clifford Chance released a briefing, available here, on exemptions for inter-affiliate and intragroup transactions under the U.S. Dodd-Frank Act and the European Market Infrastructure Regulation (“EMIR”). Both impose obligations requiring the clearing and reporting of … Read more
On January 14, the U.S. Supreme Court issued Daimler AG v. Bauman, further clarifying—and significantly narrowing—the constitutional limitations on a court’s assertion of general jurisdiction over a corporate defendant. Bauman carries significant implications for how corporate defendants should evaluate their
The following post is based on a memo released by Pepper Hamilton LLP on September 4, 2013.
A recent post-trial decision by Vice Chancellor J. Travis Laster of the Delaware Court of Chancery puts directors serving as designees of preferred … Read more
The Volcker Rule imposes significant restrictions on “proprietary trading” by banking organizations and their affiliates. The purpose of this Memorandum is to discuss how these restrictions may impact broker-dealer affiliates of foreign banking organizations that conduct business in the United
The OCC has proposed a set of enforceable and specific risk governance guidelines to formalize its heightened expectations for large national banks and federal savings associations. The risk governance guidelines would set new, and much higher, minimum standards for the … Read more
In this blog post, I trace why my co-author Rob Ricca and I have concluded that the landmark 1986 Revlon ruling is, today, an insipid and remedially insignificant doctrine. Its overly exalted place in M&A law endures because it is … Read more
On December 5, 2013, the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (“Board”) released Supervisory Letter SR 13-19, “Guidance on Managing Outsourcing Risk” (“Guidance”). The Guidance is the most recent publication in a series of supervisory and enforcement actions
The following comes to us from Prasad Krishnamurthy, Assistant Professor of Law, U.C. Berkeley Law School.
The prudential regulation of banks by the federal banking agencies has traditionally been grounded in discretionary standards. Recent calls for cost-benefit analysis of agency … Read more
The new EU regulatory capital regime came into force on 1 January 2014 and with it a recasting of the securitisation risk retention rules. To accompany these new rules, the European Banking Authority (EBA) published final draft regulatory technical standards … Read more
The following remarks were delivered by Commissioner Daniel M. Gallagher of the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission in Washington D.C. on January 15, 2014.
Thank you, Sarah [Kelsey, Exchequer Club Secretary], for that introduction. I’m very pleased to be here … Read more
Like children on Christmas Eve, securities defense attorneys and corporate executives are waiting in hopeful anticipation for the Supreme Court’s coming decision in Halliburton Co. v. Erica P. John Fund, Inc. (“Halliburton II”), which may overrule the “fraud on the market” doctrine (“FOTM”) that was announced over a quarter century ago in Basic v. Levinson. Academics are divided, with probably the majority fearing the loss of general deterrence if the securities class action is substantially undercut. Conversely, a minority (including this author) believe it is remarkable that FOTM has survived as long as it has because it is extraordinarily ill-suited to the real world of securities fraud (as hereafter explained). A third more nervous group of spectators are the managing partners of litigation-oriented law firms, who know that FOTM’s potential abolition would likely imply a steep decline in securities litigation, which is the staple of their practice. Ironically, some of the securities defense attorneys eagerly awaiting FOTM’s demise may next year be learning how to litigate patent cases. Be careful then what you wish for, as you may get it. Read more
In the wake of the 2008 crisis, it soon became apparent that the fault lines of the global financial system extended far beyond the regulated banking sector to the less regulated “shadow banking” sector. Nonbank financial entities including (but not … Read more
On December 20, 2013, the Securities and Exchange Commission released a report, required by Section 108 of the JOBS Act, that reviews the disclosure requirements in Regulation S-K. The report summarizes the Commission’s prior initiatives, reviews the current disclosure requirements, … Read more
The following comes to us from Tao Li, Assistant Professor, Warwick Business School
Proxy advisors, private firms that help investors decide how to vote their shares, play an extremely powerful role in shaping corporate governance. As institutional investors vote billions … Read more
On Monday, December 16th, Morrison Foerster released what may be a first-of-its-kind regulatory reform glossary. The glossary, which is not comprehensive, is intended to serve as a helpful summary of neologisms and other acronyms (e.g., SIFI), nicknames (e.g., repo), and … Read more